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Tuesday, May 31, 2022

Small-Scale Possession Of Illicit Drugs Will Be Decriminalized In B.C. Starting Next Year: Federal Government

"Sol Prendido" for Borderland Beat

Adults will be able to possess small amounts of opioids, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA

Protestors advocate for drug decriminalization in Vancouver in February 2018. Personal possession of small amounts of some drugs will be decriminalized in B.C. starting early next year.

Adults in British Columbia will be allowed to possess small amounts of some illicit drugs starting next year, the federal government announced Tuesday — a move that marks a dramatic shift in Canada's drug policy.

The federal government has granted British Columbia’s request to decriminalize possession of small amounts of some illicit drugs for adults in the province.

Protestors advocate for drug decriminalization in Vancouver in February 2018. Personal possession of small amounts of some drugs will be decriminalized in B.C. starting early next year.

Adults in British Columbia will be allowed to possess small amounts of some illicit drugs starting next year, the federal government announced Tuesday — a move that marks a dramatic shift in Canada's drug policy.

The federal government says Canadians 18 years of age and older will be able to possess up to a cumulative 2.5 grams of opioids, cocaine, methamphetamine and MDMA within British Columbia. The announcement is in response to a request from the province for an exemption from the law criminalizing drug possession.

This first-of-its-kind exemption will go into effect January 31, 2023 and last until January 31, 2026, unless it is revoked or replaced before then. The exemption means there will be no arrests, charges or seizures for personal possession at or below the 2.5 gram threshold.

Federal Minister of Mental Health and Addictions Carolyn Bennett and her provincial counterpart Sheila Malcolmson announced the policy shift together in Vancouver today.

The city has been the site of a surge in drug overdose deaths which accelerated throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. B.C. saw 2,224 suspected toxic illicit drug overdose deaths in 2021 and over 9,400 since 2016.

B.C. determined to battle opioid crisis after record overdose deaths in 2021

After more than 2,200 died of illicit-drug overdoses in 2021, British Columbia remains determined to fight back against the opioid crisis even in the face of stronger street drugs and long waits for treatment.

"For far too long, this wave of loss has been a reality in British Columbia and across the country," Bennett said Tuesday.

"Today, we take the first steps in the much needed bold action and significant policy change."

Bennett said that decriminalization doesn't equal legalization.

Still, the exemption is a dramatic policy shift in favour of what decriminalization advocates say is an approach that treats addiction as a health issue, rather than a criminal one. One of the goals of decriminalization is to reduce the stigma associated with substance abuse.

The exemption is a "major step in changing how we view addiction and drug use in British Columbia," said Malcolmson.

"The fear of being criminalized has led many people to hide their addiction and use drugs alone. And using drugs alone can mean dying alone, particularly in this climate of tragically increased illicit drug toxicity."

B.C., Vancouver and Toronto Public Health have all separately filed exemption requests to decriminalize possession of small amounts of illicit drugs.

Under the Controlled Drug and Substances Act, the health minister has the authority to grant exemptions if it is "necessary for a medical or scientific purpose or is otherwise in the public interest." The federal government confirmed that the applications from Vancouver and Toronto Public Health are both still under review.

Evidence bags containing fentanyl are displayed during a news conference at Surrey RCMP Headquarters, in Surrey, B.C., on Sept. 3, 2020.

The principle of decriminalizing possession of a small amount of illicit drugs has been endorsed by the Canadian Association of the Chiefs of Police. The B.C. Association of Chiefs of Police also has supported the idea, though it recommended decriminalizing possession of just 1 cumulative gram.

While the federal government has granted an exemption, it's not giving B.C. exactly what it asked for.

One major difference is the quantity of drugs being decriminalized for personal possession. B.C. asked for a cumulative 4.5 grams — the federal exemption allows for just 2.5 grams.

Health Canada said it consulted numerous information sources to set its possession threshold to strike a balance between health and safety. It also acknowledged a lack of evidence to determine what an effective threshold would be. The department said that once the exemption is in place, it will be thoroughly examined by a third party and its details could change as evidence is gathered and analyzed.

Delaying implementation until January 2023 was meant to give governments and agencies time for training, consultation and outreach, and to otherwise prepare for the shift in policy, federal and provincial officials said.

Bennett also announced an additional $11.78 million in support for substance abuse and additions programs in British Columbia.

Activities like production, trafficking still illegal

The exemption carries certain other limitations. It does not apply on the premises of elementary or secondary schools, in child care facilities or airports. It does not apply to Canadians subject to the military's disciplinary code.

The B.C. Ministry of Health said that they view decriminalization as only one part of a set of policies meant to address the opioid overdose crisis.

Health Canada said that the exemption does not decriminalize activities like trafficking, producing, importing or exporting controlled substances.

The exemption comes just a day before a vote is expected on a decriminalization bill put forward by NDP MP Gord Johns.

Speaking before question period Tuesday, Johns said the exemption is "good news" but the overdose crisis remains a national issue. He also accused the government of delaying its decision and dragging its feet, costing lives.

"The families of thousands of Canadians are burying loved ones right across Canada right now ... We need a national approach to respond," he said.

Asked about the NDP bill, Bennett said she would not be voting for it because it does not have sufficient "guardrails" and would have an impact on Canada's international obligations. She thanked Johns for his work in raising awareness about the issue.

"It has been an important bill but 'starting by starting' when it comes to British Columbia is a prudent way to go," she said.



  1. Damn there goes that city

    1. Go where? Decriminalization does nothing good or bad. All it does is the very basic moral thing of not criminalizing users but that does nothing to mitigate the overall drug problem.

  2. Seattle and Portland must be its role model cities.

  3. Nomás la carry next, no license or background check needed.

  4. Won’t change anything. You need full legalization for real results.

    1. What more do you want them to legalize? Should they increase the amounts to an eighth of an ounce, how about a half?
      Fuck it! A whole ounce because we need to be perpetually consuming our drug of choice.
      Full legalization will need for the government to be the dispensing body of these substances. The government will lose its legitimacy.

    2. 7:42 opium dens and grifa joints run by the government would lower prices to 1/10th, have OD protections, and eliminate drug traffickers for good, no more recruiting from junior high schools to supply their never ending need for addicts...legalizing possession just opens the floodgates of BS and unleashes the greed of those able to buy licenses to deal, canadian forests will burn to make room for grifa farms like califas, we have enough problems with bolsonaro motherfucker burning the Amazonia.

    3. 7:42
      Ok almost none of what you said made sense. First off, legalized drugs does not mean higher rates of usage. Second off, if they legalize and regulate things like morphine or oxycodone they won’t even need to regulate heroin, and obviously not fentanyl. Same with legalized OTC amphetamine instead of methamphetamine, etc. If you hate drug abuse and the “drug problem” in general then you should support legalization because the social consequences of the black market just makes everything worse and in the long-term actually leads to increased drug use not mitigated drug use. Education on these topics is also greatly suppressed by the laws and cultural attitudes. America’s view on drugs is beyond archaic.

      It’s not about increasing amounts, it’s about fucking regulating what should be regulated. Decriminalization does nothing.

    4. @10:28 You missed the point of what I wrote. What ranch, town, city, county, state in the USA has allowed for the use, sale and treatment of illegal narcotics by the government? It's simply not going to happen any time soon. Lets look at the political realities of the USA.

    5. @2:10 I’m not denying that other nations will probably do this before the U.S. does.

  5. Good job canada why will you want to put in jail nonviolent people that just have an addiction with real criminals thats just going to ruin their life, all the money is better spend in prevention and treatment

  6. Drugs have been decriminalized in Vancouver for 20 plus years it wont change anything. For anybody who knows the downtown eastside you know this will do nothing they been doing it for 20 years already

    1. Source? I couldn’t find any info on that being true.

    2. Not a source you can professionally source check l,but I personally used,and sold drugs in the Vancouver downtown east side for 10 years.the previous is predominantly true as I was picked up with anywhere from 3.5 grams to 1 oz of cocaine,crack ,meth or heroin or different occasions and east side cops just told me if they seen me in there best again that night I was gonna get my ass kicked!!!!im not that if I had a kilo they wouldn’t have busted me but this ruling doesn’t affect the downtown east side but will definitely affect outlying areas of B.C

    3. I should have clarified decriminalization wasn't official but they been doing it for 20 years. Vancouver I believe was the first city in North America to have a safe injection site


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