Blog dedicated to reporting on Mexican drug cartels
on the border line between the US and Mexico

Wednesday, August 25, 2021

El Centro Book Review – Armed Forces, National Guard , And Violence In Mexico

"Sol Prendido" for Borderland Beat

Lisa María Sánchez Ortega analyzes the militarization of public safety from the legal viewpoint in the third chapter. She opens up the debate on the use of militarization, its effects within the scopes of public safety and politics, and the different results it can yield depending on the duration, force, and circumstances of operations. 

She then reviews militarization during the second half of the 20th century, when the antidrug tasks were handled by the extinct PGR (Procuraduría General de la República or Attorney General of the Republic), and civil authority took care of eradication efforts, but military interference began increasing especially following US pressure which led to mass eradication, seizures, and detentions. 

During the administrations of Ernesto Zedillo (1994-2000) and Vicente Fox (2000-2006), the former increased interdiction efforts, capture of kingpins, and the creation of new law enforcement institutions while the latter carried out an operation to take down drug traffickers and enacting a law that legitimized the military's influence at times of peace.

 On the other hand, Ortega demonstrates that the militarization during the Calderón (2006-2012) and Peña Nieto (2012-2018) administrations did not only not stop violence, drug trafficking, nor brought peace, but the armed forces have been benefited from legal frameworks that legitimize their conduct even if accused of human rights violations. 

The current AMLO administration’s negative perception of civil authority institutions have made fully militarized federal forces in charge of public security with a legal framework that attributes them to conduct police work and non-security tasks without requiring their separation from other military institutions and ignoring the criteria from the country's supreme court or the Inter-American Court on Human Rights.

1 comment:

  1. Amlo is part of the CARTEL. It's a shame, he is getting rich


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