Chronology of mass killings in Mexico since 2010
Chivis Martinez for Borderland Beat
As the days roll by it is looking more like the 49 killed in Cadereyta were in fact migrants. Additional information is slowly leaking to the public such as the facial features of the dead were those similar to Central Americans and people in the south of Mexico.
Contrary to early reports, not all victims were decapitated or dismembered, and not all were in black garbage bags, while victims were in bags others were tossed onto the highway without a bag or cover.
There were persistent rumors that the dead included women and children. Since Saturday night it is rumored that 2 of the six women were pregnant.
On Sunday morning I was sent photos that I did nothing with them as the victims were not in bags and although decapitated their limbs were for the most part intact. One of those photos is above.
Also persistent was a reported fact there were two messages left at the scene. In any case, cartulinas (cards) have not been made public or its text. Perhaps that should be the course of action, not to publicize the full message and text, thwarting the main objective of cartels in conducting these mass killings.
This Borderland Beat reporter has long retained the belief that the mass murder displays were constructed, either by majority or entirety, with innocent people unrelated to organized crime. That position was reinforced after the Boca del Rio mass killings of 35.
One story that has been impossible to forget. A mothers account of the last day she saw her 15 year old son, a high school student. He raised chickens and on foot went to purchase feed. Eye witnesses account declared that the child was placed in a municipal poilce car. He was among the carnage in Boca del Rio.
|Boca del Rio|
A short time subsequent to the gruesome event, 100% of all the municipal force was fired due to corruption. Many refused to take a polygraph and those who did failed. This is not an isolated circumstance. Cartels control municipalities in the cities and regions they conduct their criminal activities.
Interviewed by Joaquín López Dóriga Radio formula, at the time he was the Deputy Regional of the PGR, José Cuitláhuac Salinas Martínez, said that such information emerged from the investigation, and in the dossier that was sent to the PGJE (State Attorney General), with respect to criminal background or links to organized crime, nothing more had been identified. He further stated he remember 6 people with a prior history. All but one was for offenses such as stealing, or fighting.
The respected Salinas Martinez is no longer with the PGR he is now the head of the Federal Office of Special Investigations into Organized Crime (OFDI)
Though hard to imagine the cruelty of cartels to gather large groups of innocents for shock and attention thereby highlighting messages or a perception of power, another perspective is it is far easier, and efficient in their viewpoint.
By targeting a bus load of migrants, or giving corrupt police the task to collect innocent victims off the streets. Compliant and respectful of authorities, they are easy prey, no bullets, no fighting, no bloodshed sustained on the part of the criminals.
The victims were dumped on the free highway to Reynosa, Tamaulipas authorities investigate whether they were migrants
Translated from Spanish article published 5/14/12 in Milenio
Nuevo Leon – Authorities of Nuevo Leon found in the early hours of Sunday morning mutilated bodies ( headless, no arms and legs, in many cases) of 49 people at the edge of the highway of Reynosa, Tamaulipas.
The remains were thrown, some in black plastic bags, at the point of Kilometer 47 of the mentioned road in the municipality of Cadereyta.
Spokesman, Jorge Domene, affirmed that the victims had at least 48 hours deceased and he didn’t discard the possibility of being murdered in a different location to where they were found.
In fact, he sustained, they could’ve been killed in another town and thrown, yesterday, early morning in the vicinity of the town San Juan, which reinforces the hypothesis that none of them were residents of Nuevo Leon.
He also linked the multiple homicide with similar events occurred in other states.
“It’s a reflection that the acts that have occurred throughout the country, as the one that recently occurred in Nuevo Laredo, the one that occurred weeks ago in Jalisco and months ago in Veracruz.
In September of 2011, 35 bodies were abandoned in the road Boca del Rio – Veracruz, while in November of the same year, authorities of Jalisco found 26 bodies abandoned in two trucks in Guadalajara.
The event of Nuevo Leon is the third killing in two weeks. So far these days of May, 23 bodies were discarded in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, while last week 18 more bodies were found in a road of Guadalajara.
Domene also informed that in the place where the corpses were found there was a blanket signed by presumably Zetas, although the message was not released.
On their behalf, PGR of Nuevo Leon warned that the mutilation will make difficult the identification of the victims, so they will turn to DNA tests and an analysis of tattoos (some of the Santa Muerte: Saint of Death) to complement the process.
Adrian de la Garza, head chief of that dependency, informed that there is no report of massive disappearance in Nuevo Leon or in other entities.
“We think that probably could be people from another town of the Republic; they could be migrants, we don’t discard any possibilities at this moment”, he referred.
He précised that the bodies were taken in a dump truck out in the open, some were in bags. It is known that the victims were 43 male and 6 female, all of them older than 25 years old.
Few minutes after the discovery of the bodies were confirmed, there was a wide deployment of military and federal, ministerial and state police. The zone was cordoned off by police forces and the circulation of vehicles to the border to Tamaulipas was closed for seven hours.
The bodies were located near an empty lot and a Sanitary Inspection booth located 20 meters from the arc that symbolizes the foundation of the town, birthplace of the national baseball.
The investigations point that the bodies might belong to migrants, since some of them had features similar to those of central America and in the south of Mexico.
Authorities pointed out that the message found was a blanket abandoned three meters away from the bodies. On the west beam of the arc was as well, engrave the legend of the criminal group that presumably was the author of the multiple homicide.
At the crime scene, the experts found stroke cartridges and revealed that some bodies were found in putrefaction state, which reinforces the hypothesis that the victims were killed outside of Nuevo Leon.
The remains of the 43 men and six women were sent to units of forensic and the installations of the amphitheater of the University Hospital.
The Secretary of Public Security of the State, Javier Magallanes, informed that the surveillance in Cadereyta was reinforced with 50 elements of Civil Force, which will also coordinate with another similar group of Juarez and Allende to execute regional operations.
He indicated that the point where the bodies were found is part of the route that is being patrolled every day, so the people that transported the remains took the opportunity while it was dark and there wasn’t much traffic to disturb them.
“I have no doubt that that is a measure of media character taken by organized crime (meaning that they wanted to cause a media frenzy), they had the objective of gaining attention of the people, and primarily, the rival group.
“They did not obtain the result they wanted, since we are noticing that the media is waiting to learn details about the events that occurred, the objective has not been achieved”, he finalized.
Authorities blamed the violence to Joaquin El Chapo Guzman, Ismael El Mayo Zambada, Heriberto Lazcano and Miguel Trevino, Z-40. He also reiterated his offer of 30 million pesos to anyone who gives information of the location of those criminals.
The following was translated from Spanish and published in El Universal
The struggle between organized crime groups has been marked by mass murder. Finding the bodies on roads, bridges and streets in several states.
A Chronological Review:
May 13 - Authorities in Nuevo Leon reported so far, lifting 49 bodies in the town of Cadereyta.
May 4- In Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, the city experienced one of their most violent days, by the bloody struggle between rival drug cartels, with the murder of 23 people, nine were hung from a bridge and 14 beheaded.
April 29 - The confrontation between army and police against armed men in the town of Choix, Sinaloa, on Saturday, left a toll of 13 dead and six wounded.
The Sinaloa Attorney's Office reported that 11 suspected criminals were killed, while the co-pilot of a military helicopter and a policeman were killed.
April 12 - Michoacán recorded the violent deaths of 11 people attributed to the struggle between criminal groups operating in the state, as they vie for control of territory, for the transfer of narcotics and rivalry between them.
Earlier it was reported the discovery of seven bodies in the town of Lazaro Cardenas, but in the course of the day the police authorities of the state government reported the deaths of four people in the municipalities of Jungapeo, Tuxpan and Benito Juarez.
February 29 - A total of eight deaths and one injury was the outcome of violence that occurred in the state, following a police chase, near the intersection of Agua Caliente, on the Pihuamo road to Colima.
January 29 - In a violent day from activities related to organized crime, the authorities of Jalisco reported 20 people killed, seven of them buried in mass graves discovered on a ranch in the municipality of Ejutla and three police officers gunned down in Lakes Moreno.
January 9 - Michoacán reported a new escalation of violence by the struggle between organized crime groups, with the death of 19 people, in Zitacuaro 15 bodies were found, of which three were minors, in Peribán was found a corpse and three high school students were killed gunned down in a park Yurécuaro.
November 24 - In Guadalajara discover three trucks with 23 bodies inside, in one of the main avenues of the capital of Jalisco.
November 23 - Sinaloa recorded an intense day of violence that left 26 murders in three municipalities. The Attorney General of the State reported that 16 of the victims were burned and the rest were killed with high-powered weapons.
September 20 - A total of 35 bodies bearing signs of torture were left in two vans on the bridge that links the tourist area of Veracruz-Boca del Rio, the busiest area in the state.
August 25 - In Monterrey killed 52 people after Los Zetas burned the facilities of Casino Royale.
July 8 - More than 15 armed men attacked Sabino Gordo bar, located in downtown Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, which left 21 dead and five wounded.
February 27 - A balance of 10 people killed and nine injured was the result of three separate attacks in bars located in the area Alliance of Torreon, Coahuila. The first occurs at the Bar 3-2, which left four dead, then in the colony on May 5 reported the killing of a person and finally at the bar The Viceroys, Colonia Centro, killed four civilians.
October 23 - There was a slaughter in two houses in the colony of South Horizons, a populous area of Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua. 14 people killed and 15 are wounded after a group of young men burst into a birthday party.
August 24 - In San Fernando, Tamaulipas, elements of the army found the bodies of 72 undocumented immigrants. The only survivor statements attributed the act to Los Zetas.
July 18 - Gunmen aboard five trucks burst into a party being held at the Fifth Italy Inn in San Luis, Torreon, Coahuila, opened fire on the participants, the celebration ended with 17 dead and 18 wounded .
June 10 - A command entered a drug rehabilitation center in Ciudad Juarez and killed 19 clients and injuring four others, according to reports from the director of the Police Intelligence Corps (Cipol), Saul Hernandez.
March 12 - Gunmen opened fire on those attending the funeral of a young man, leaving 8 people killed in the Colonia Parajes del Sur in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua.
January 31 - A command broke into a student party in the division Villas Salvarcar Villas in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, where 16 young people were slaughtered.