Wednesday, July 4, 2018

Mexico’s Ninis: World Bank Report Shows Numbers Skyrocket

Translated by Yaqui for Borderland Beat from: Universal

June 4, 2018
Full 42 Page WB Report Here: Mx Dropouts

The World Bank identified that in Mexico the "very persistent" problem of young people who neither study nor work (ninis), ie school dropouts has grown , which "may be linked to organized crime and violence , which increases the risks for young people and the society as a whole ".

In its report by Miguel Szekely Pardo: Ninis in Latin America, 20 million young people in search of opportunities , the international organization describes that in Mexico that problem is presented by three factors: "An increase in the proportion of ninis men, the lack of job opportunities for young people and an increase in the illegal market that made organized crime demand more workers. "

He adds that if the results for Mexico can be extrapolated to other countries in the region, the existence of ninis men could also be correlated with violence in Central American countries such as Honduras, Guatemala, Panama and El Salvador, which Mexicans see as moral influences, ie, role models, not to mention the glorification of "Narco Cultura" and the seemingly endless available opportunities to turn to that lifestyle of what on the surface appears to be easy money and access to drugs. 

"Some Ninis, ie dropouts, could participate in criminal activities that cause enormous damage, not only to themselves, but also to the welfare of society." according to Miguel Pardo.



Based on data from the National Occupation and Employment Survey, and official statistics on homicide rates in the country, the study found that between 2008 and 2013, when homicide rates tripled in Mexico and  there was "a positive correlation and significant between the proportion of Ninis and the homicide rate. There is also a positive and significant correlation between the Ninis and the homicide rates in the states bordering the United States, a region that is very affected by both organized crime and the economic crisis of 2008 and 2009. "

The profile of the Mexican and Latin American nini is a male who is between 19 and 24 years of age, lives in the cities and did not finish the baccalaureate, ie high school and dropped out. Normally the path that leads to this condition, especially among men, is the early school dropout to start work, followed by unemployment.


"When leaving school before finishing high school, young people usually lack the necessary skills to get a job in the formal sector, so in most cases they settle for temporary and unstable jobs in the informal sector. Once they lose these jobs, they never return to school, " Miguel Pardo  explains.

It is young men who have contributed to the increase in the number of ninis in the region, since while women have joined the labor market, "in a context in which the creation of jobs is limited, they find it more complicated to get work. During the last 20 years both the proportion and the absolute number of Nini men have increased ".

Young Women:

Women represent two thirds of the Nini population in the region and the most important risk factors they face are marriage before the age of 18 and pregnancy during adolescence; among the common features is that they did not finish high school, live in cities and are in conditions of poverty or vulnerability.

The study in Mexico was done by the former Under Secretary of Higher Education, Miguel Székely Pardo. A first report of this work was released in 2016 and now the full document is published, which includes 238 household surveys in different countries of the region, "to find the determining factors that make young people become ninis and identify the long-term effects on employability and wages".

Teach Your Children Well:

In Mexico, where the highest levels of school dropout are recorded in high school, the World Bank suggests combining early detection systems to identify youth at risk of dropping out of school, with socio-emotional interventions and tutoring: "Some training and entrepreneurship programs with innovative and evidence-based designs, together with public employment services, can improve the employability of young people, "says the study.
Teen Pregnancy:

For the preparation of the study, the World Bank conducted 18 in-depth interviews with Mexican and Honduran ninis. In most cases the father abandoned the family or was never present to help the mother, who became pregnant as a teenager. With the father absent, some mothers have to work for many hours, leaving the upbringing of the children in the hands of some grandmother, aunt, older brother or, in some cases, nobody.

Pregnancy in adolescence was "recurrent": because the mother of the young man got pregnant when he was a teenager or because the current nini is a single mother. Experience in the labor market reveals poorly paid jobs, in the short term and in the informal sector. Some have suffered abuse of many kinds, such as long work schedules without rest and sexual harassment.

"The majority of the ninis do not believe that the government can contribute to the solution. They think that the solution is in themselves. Sometimes they hope that the outcome will be higher income, but it is unlikely; For example, they dream of becoming a professional footballer, leaving the country to work on a cruise or emigrating to the United States, "the document explains.

One Example:"Out of Sheer Boredom I Started Using":

Out of sheer boredom I started on drugs," says El Güero, who points out that after having dropped out of high school "I dedicated myself to doing nothing" and curiosity led him to first consume marijuana, then ice, (meth) then cocaine and heroin.


"Then I got everything and started selling marijuana to the brothers at school," he says.

The 18-year-old, who left the high school paid by his mother with whom he currently lives, emphasizes that he tried to resume his studies at another school, but after three months he also abandoned it.

Assiduous assistant to "the pedas" and the clubs, the young man recognizes that being a "nini" and not being interested in studying or getting a job saw an easier way: to stock up on drugs in Tepito and then sell it to his acquaintances.

The young man confesses that, due to his addiction and because he did not have an income to buy the drugs, he first took profits from the sale of marijuana to buy clothes, but when he felt the need to have more money, he began to consider the possibility of assaulting people in the streets, and shortly after that he began to do it. 

"The truth, I was already very bad. I lost my girlfriend and all my friendships that were worth it. I only had some friends who were also drug addicts, "he says.

With problems with his mother, who for some time tried unsuccessfully to help him, finally "she put me in the annex and since I left she took me to a specialized center to treat my addiction," he recalls.

El Güero says that after the rehabilitation he has not used any drugs and is looking for a job.

 .                       
                            Link to 42 page WB Study by Miguel Szekely Pardo at Top


44 comments:

  1. I lived that life growing up here in LA except for the not working part. I didn’t finish school but at an early age I got into the union. I’d party in to dawn and go straight to work. Aveces bien espremido but never missed a day of work. By the time I turned 21 I was completely done with it. Partying was like a chore. By then I was already in upper management making a good living. Making more money than my buddies that became professionals but certainly working harder for it.

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    1. U r doing well. Congratulations

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    2. Biggest problem in mexico is the unions. My hija garduated. And doing well

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    3. Partying all night is a chore when you have a life and a job. Good for you man. Sounds like a success story to me.

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    4. i can relate to your story, i grew up poor here in a barrio.. LA. Dropped out HS.. i am a homeowner now and have nice things in life. Have worked hard with keeping my options/doors open in life. But the thing with these guys in Mexico is they can work as hard as they can in a blue collar job and never get paid above 100$ a week. Me and you cant get paid at least 25$ an hour without college thanks to our system. we have options,they dont.

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    5. People that complain about small union dues make me laugh. Good job though

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    6. Glad to hear you got ahead, and consider yourself to be a part of a union which the majority of Americans will never be a member of.
      US corporations us their economic and political clout to royally fuck over millions of employees.
      US politicians are more than happy to suck corporations asses for donations.
      Legal corruption is easy in the USA for the right price, say starting $1 million, hire a lobby firm or law firm, make some donations...
      America has its own growing problem of inequality, poverty, homelessness, and ‘ninis’ yet ironically its economy is extremely wealthy and growing but the gains are more concentrated.
      Sound familiar?


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    7. @10:16
      So true!
      America has it's own flaws which can be considered scrupulous.

      E42

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    8. 11:01 love the corn fléis and forget about the flaws.
      The idian casino owners tricked by Jack Abramoff and Christian Ralph Reed had no unions, the oilagate Indians robbed by the crazy Koch Brothers also had no Union luckily they had a brotherly Koch Quarrel,
      the Indians got screwed, but they still didn't get paid...

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  2. What's up with the first picture from India?

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  3. Trabajo hay por todos lados. La cosa es querer trabajar y no andar con pretextos. Uno se puede ir hasta China. Y tengan lo seguro que allí uno se encuentra trabajo. El problema de la juventud mucha la vez es el pinche orgullo que se cargan. No tienen la disciplina ni el deseo de en verdad querer chambiar. Como es que yo que no acabe la escuela siempre me ofrecen trabajo por todos lados? Cuando uno busca trabajo sea donde sea lo primero que le preguntan a uno es: En qué quieres trabajar ? Y la respuesta que más les gusta escuchar es : EN LO QUE CAIGA. El mexicano trabajador no anda con niñadas para el jale. Quieren trabajar, entran le. Pero si con tiempo ya sabes que te vas hacer guey. Entonces no te quejes si tú mismo te andas quemando en los trabajos. Y para los que se culean para trabajar. Tengan lo por seguro que nunca falta quien quiera ocupar tu lugar en cualquier trabajo. Y rapidito. - Sol Prendido

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    1. @7:01PM Sol, many comments are posted in Spanish because the reader is not sufficiently proficient in English. But I know your English is very good and you could do me a big favor and save me a lot of time translating if you would post in English, especially long comments.

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    2. One can find work everywhere. The thing is wether or not you really want to work or if you’ll be filled with excuses. You can go to China. And rest assured you’ll find work there. Many times the problem with youth is that their damn pride gets in the way of wanting to work. They don’t have the discipline or actual desire to really want to work. How is it that I never finished school and yet I’m always being offered work everywhere I go? When one is looking for work anywhere one of the first things they will ask is: What would you like to work in? And the answer they like to hear the most is: IN WHAT EVER YOU HAVE FOR ME. A Mexican that likes to work won’t ever be bullshitting when it comes to work. If you want to work, get in the ring. But if you know ahead of time that you’re just gonna be fucking off. Then don’t complain if you’re giving yourself a bad rep. And for those of you who bitch up when it comes to working. Be assured that there’s always gonna be someone else who will gladly take your place in line for work. And quickly. - Sol Prendido

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    3. Did you read the article, sol?

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    4. @9:32 Yea I did. It talks about spoiled kids who have trouble finding work. Yet can easily find drugs. I don’t know about most of you guys. But between a job and me doing drugs. I’ll always put my job first. All day everyday. If you want to play that woe is me story go ahead. We’ll see how far that pity party gets you. - Sol Prendido

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    5. Sol Prendido,

      Te aventastes! Usually, I'm suspicious of what you write because you're very opinionated (but aren't we all?); however, now that DD asked you to translate it for the benefit of others, I'm glad you did. I dont' think it translates with the same raw, visceral emotion, but for those of us old enough to have known what sleeping in your car for weeks means because of stupid choices in life and then looking in the mirror one day and realizing that it's not the "Man" or the "System" holding you back. Rather, the person to blame is the one staring back at you. Choices, my friend. We all have & make choices in life. Thing is, some of them affect us for the rest of our life. No doubt, these kids, by and large, do not have the same opportunities as their American counterparts, but if one is willing to accept "whatever comes along," if only to get into the front door, and be the best at it, the cream will always rise to the top! Whether you think you can, or whether you think you can't - you are right! Sol, you made me stop and think - and I thank you for that.

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    6. Thank you Lurker. Haven’t seen you in awhile. - Sol Prendido

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    7. I think you wrote that compliment S.P. T. Montana

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    8. Well said Sol!

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    9. Ajaja sol prendido todo un orgulloso proletariado chambiando honradamente hasta caerte muerto en el sistema neoliberal.

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    10. It seems you didn't quiet understand it, if indeed, you read it. Thanks for responding, sol.

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    11. 3:14 not all of us have slept in ESP's car,
      and not everybody is oppressed the same way by the same people
      There are stories about Mexican farmers being left out of markets to help US farmers make all the money in the world through treaties that some 'peepol' still want to rework to put some more squeeze on those left behind, to extort billions of dollars out of some "new deals" and impositions.
      Some of us have slept on sidewalks covered with cardboard, and not because we quit shit.

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    12. Y que importa si algunos de nosotros escribimos en Espanol aqui? Yo se que aqui ay gente de habla Espanola y mas bien de Mexico y otros paises de Sudamerica que van a leer que comento en contra de la vida de los mierda narcos y crimen organizado y estos son la gente que muchas veces necesitan escuchar lo que en sus paises no escuchan por temor a replesalias. Si no cambian su estilo de vida por algunos comentarios dichos pues el intento se le hiso. Si la cambian -MEJOR!

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    13. Le te creo; necesitamos comentarios en español tambien.

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  4. And as more and more businesses get extorted or robbed,more and more shut down therefore less opportunities for the ninis which would also contribute to less opportunities.

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  5. If India is an LA barrio then yes, otherwise: no

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    1. India does not have a la barrio.

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  6. Mexico needs to come clean about its rapidly growing drug problem!

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    1. Like America has?
      Can't educate those who dont want to be educated.
      How long did it take before America said we have an opioid epidemic? Rather acknowledge that it had a problem? Moreover, among those other drugs that have been associated with life.
      Education applications are crucial in any state to provide / halt such devastation within communities and society.

      As the saying goes; You can lead a horse to water but can't make it drink.

      E42

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    2. The USA has a bigger drug problem. Unfortunately US demand has also made those drugs available in Mexico.

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    3. 10:34 you can lead US Congressmen and Senators are holes wherever you want, but you need to grease their behinds with a lot of.money, some of them unwisely spend 10 million dollars in a campaign for the job that pays them $200 000.00 a year, I think there is some hidden perks in being a US congressmen or a Senator...

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  7. It seems Mexico has never seriously tried to tackle poverty and its social ills resulting in the dire situation today of ‘ninis’ and violence that treats young people like they are expendable.

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    1. Like many countries whose " Government think tank experts" failure to recognize the cause and effects behind what or what's not being implemented.

      Most big business model practices do not allow / include little profit making. Rather keeping a low cost running operating expenses by all measures necessary. Regardless of one eats hearty or not. Resulting with cheap labor.
      America is not too far off with what's transpiring here with their anti- union movement / policies. The poverty rate level has significantly increased here in America due to such practices. Actually inching closer in that same direction if rising inflation and living expenses are not met with wage adjustments to balance itself.

      E42


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    2. 6:12 smart people have come up with right to work policies that allow people to work for less, and without Union...
      Citizens United achieved personhood for its members, where one man with a billion dollars to spend can buy more better voted legislation than a nobody member of the No union freedom to work for less cartel.

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    3. Correct @2:47
      Legal battles are continuously changing labor practices to benefit those big companies from giving their fair share to employees.
      Middle class statuses are becoming extinct in America. Pushing those to a class of poverty. While those 1 percent get richer. An injustice to all hard working people staggering to make it.

      E42

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    4. OK, E42 so we are a couple of leftist socialist commies.
      Have it present at re-elections and get done with anti-union bastars, they are the ones that corrupt the Unions leaders into becoming their pliant oleaginous servants, even agreed with promises hidden behind the offshorig of whole American industries that needed no help but got subsidies and tax breaks, more than they could handle, for nothing.

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  8. Yeah go ahead and legalized all drugs in Mexico ....sarcasm

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  9. Nice article BB.

    I can see the logic behind this statistic between those young dropouts and crime increases.
    However, this association of poverty and crime is evident everywhere throughout communities and societies. The Lack of employment opportunities and resources / materials to provide adequate education is a factor for many. Nevertheless,
    Resources and materials are often obtainable if the desire were there.
    Guidance can only be given but not the will.
    Reality is; times have changed and moral issues have withered among many. Drug consumption and the fast life of generating money with little effort from dealing has consumed many of our youth and adults today.
    Education, better wages and employment opportunities will always have an impact on societies.

    E42



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    1. The millennials are all looking for the easy life...throw millennials in a.place like Mexico, and you have a recipe for a cloudy future. JMO

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    2. NINIS for all their negatives,
      are a symptom of deeper worldwide problems,
      And not the root cause of the problem.
      But geniuses all over the world never fail at blaming the poor for the ugly optics, some have found the solution time and again, it always involves genocide, persecution, mass murdering, exploitation and finger pulling, I mean finger pointing against lesser men, they call it FINAL SOLUTION in some secret lodges and Wolf Lairs...
      those mophakas were no NINIS and are back with a vengeance, now allied with Russian Oiligarchs.

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    3. @ Granderojo

      With age comes wisdom my friend.
      Good to hear from you.

      E42

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  10. The WORLD BANK and other big players could put some preasure on mexico the industrial nation to change its african wages !!! To change the high prices they charge for items sold in that country

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    1. 7:36 the World Bank and colleagues are owned by those exploiting mexican slave laborers and also profit from the drug trafficking that helps some poor or broke ass countries keep paying their foreign debt interests...
      --Luckily the BRICS MEMBERS are creating their own lending machine banks to compete with the western world heirs of the Pharisees and the Philistines...

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  11. Political base of Democrats (mexican version).

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