Saturday, August 19, 2017

Mexico: The homicides that no one sees

By: *Víctor Manuel Sánchez Valdés for Animal Politico

When we talk about cities in Mexico having security issues, most people think of the municipalities where there is high number of intentional homicides recorded, such as Acapulco, Tijuana, Culiacan, Ciudad Juárez or Chihuahua City. However, there are smaller municipalities that have homicide rates per capita [1] that exceed two, three, four or even five times those of the five aforementioned municipalities.

These are municipalities that are off the radar of the authorities, and national media, therefore, their security crises have been neglected. Nor do they often receive federal support, even though their police agencies have an inadequate number of police personnel and insufficient equipment. For example, in recent years, most of them have not been approved for requests for resources [2] from SUBSEMUN [Subsidy for Security in the Municipalities a federal resource that is granted to some municipalities] [3] or FORTASEG (a subsidy that is granted to municipalities and, where appropriate, for the strengthening of security issues) [4], even though it is precisely in those municipalities where support is most needed.

A clear example of this problem is the municipality of Guadalupe and Calvo, which is south of Chihuahua, which has had 56 intentional homicides throughout 2017. These may not seem many if compared to the 303 occurred in the same period in Ciudad Juárez or the 186 of Chihuahua capital. However, Guadalupe and Calvo  has only a little more than 56 thousand inhabitants, so it has a rate of 97.55 homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants , while Ciudad Juárez has only 21.18 homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants and Chihuahua capital 20.29 .

This means that when we measure the homicides in relative terms, Guadalupe and Calvo have a murder tally  almost five times larger than the two main municipalities of Chihuahua.
Another paradigmatic case is the municipality of Concordia in Sinaloa , which with a population of just over 30 thousand inhabitants, has had 25 intentional murders in 2017 and has a rate of 82.07 homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants, which exceeds by more than Double that of Culiacan, which has 35.15 homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants.

The following table shows the 15 municipalities in the country with the highest number of homicides per 100,000 inhabitants [5] :


The common element that is repeated in all these municipalities is the direct confrontation between two or more criminal organizations. For example, Aguililla and Múgica in Michoacán, there is an open dispute over the control of the zone between the Cartel Jalisco New Generation, the Viagras and the remnants of the Caballeros Templarios. In Madera, Chihuahua, for years the Sinaloa Cartel and the Juárez Cartel have disputed control.

It is important that the governments attend to what happens in these municipalities as soon as possible, because in some cases a time bomb is ready to explode. The country can’t support a new San Fernando, Allende or Ayotzinapa, whose realities are very similar to those that live in the 15 municipalities that were mentioned in this article.

If we analyze the worst tragedies in terms of public security that we have had in the country, most share a characteristic, they were presented in towns that are sparsely populated, with high levels of insecurity, which did not receive attention due from the authorities.

For this reason, I think it is important for the federal government to think by 2018 about an emerging program to support small municipalities with high levels of insecurity, including equipment for local police, support for hiring more staff, deployment Of federal forces and more training for police officers.


Note: Other municipalities, such as San Martín Totoltepec, Puebla or Magurichi, Chihuahua, which had respectively 162.6 and 154.47 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, were not included in the analysis, since the number of homicides was very low (less than 5) and in Such a scenario cannot be ruled out that such killings have been isolated and not a sustained trend.

[1] Homicide rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated using the figures of willful homicides published by the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System from January to June 2017, for all municipalities and for population estimation were used The CONAPO data.

[2] It is important to mention that both SUBSEMUN and FORTASEG have a series of eligibility criteria for municipalities, which take into account aspects such as the total population of the municipality, the state of the municipality, crime rates, and its capacity to reduce them.  As well as the characteristics of the municipality.  (for example;  if it is a border or a tourist destination). In addition, the number of municipalities benefiting 300 is restricted. For this reason, it is difficult to access many of the municipalities mentioned in this article, because they have a very small population and are not in tourist or border corridors.

[3] Security subsidies in failing municipalities.

[4] Strengthening security program.

[5] By a manner of comparison, the municipalities with the most murders in absolute numbers have the following homicide rates per 100 thousand inhabitants:

Tijuana, Baja California, with 41.09;
Acapulco, Guerrero, with 48.66;
Culiacán, Sinaloa, with 35.15;
Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, with 21.18 
Chihuahua, Chihuahua, with 20.29.


* Víctor Manuel Sánchez Valdés is a collaborator of Causa en Común, a research professor at the Autonomous University of Coahuila, a doctorate in public policies by CIDE and a specialist in public security issues. 

45 comments:

  1. Beautiful BB.
    A true depth of knowledge and insight.

    E42

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    1. The U. S distevalizing countries at its finest.. Yeah.. Wuuuu

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    2. What?? Tamazula has no more than 3,000 people in the municipio so if you take the fraction of what's provided that means there were two homicides...that isn't a dangerous place in my world. _^^_

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    3. Homicides in small communities are the fruit of displacing municipal police from bigger cities to make room for the "accreditables" and private security experts that eat up the public security budget and the federal government uses to self perpetuate themselves, one ear exame is the city of eternal al spring, Crnavaca Morelos, where the PRD governor is helping enforce EPN's politics of inclusion, which means HIRE HIS POLESIA NAZIONAL or else. Frankly, the people were safer whel La Chapa and El Barbas and La Brbie were around.
      I hope El Vitor is someday able to explain the extraordinary survival skills of the Moreiros in his beloved Coahuila state, those are dangeros billionaire Mopakas getting away with murda

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    4. 4:30 Lol - i did same ratios on other towns like I know and all it requires is one outlier event in any of thousands of small towns and they will be on this list.

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  2. Sinaloas killing all them chihuahuenses who knew? Blame greedy chapo for that one. Lol

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    1. Dead people from sinaloa,sonora,durango and elsewhere are included in the body count and are included in the Chihuahua murder rate. Nice try kid.

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    2. Each state has their own body count the big chihuahua with plenty of good land has three places two of them are first & second place.

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    3. Who cares dude only they know what is really going on. It happens in many places with the rest of the cartels.

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  3. Most of these plaxes except maybe Madera and one or two others are places were CDS operates! How the fuck do people don't see this and still follow these fuckin idiots??? Other people still cheer them on also? I, said it once before that CDS causes alot of shit in Chihuas - heres the proof!!!

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    1. Not just CDS . All cartels.
      A disregard of life and values towards its citizens and country. A tragic story about the violence engulfed with drug trafficking.

      E42

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    2. Actually CDS is active in Madera ... my family is from a small rancho outside of madera called Tres Ojitos and half of my cousins run Gente Nueva... you can say what you want but La linea has terrorized innocent civilians in the sierras for a long long time

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    3. @2:48 propaganda for CDS! CDS fucks with people from the Sierra just as much as Juarez. Only difference is CDS does like they say in Sinaloa "si andas de lengua suelta" meaning if you have a loud mouth and talk bad about them, they will KILL you! Which is why everybody is afraid to talk about when fuckers from CDS fuck people over!

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    4. 2:48 so now its CDS turn to fuck with the people in the Sierra from what you are saying. The Sierra has never had this number of homicides even with La Linea and you know it!

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    5. 2:48; Thank you for sharing your observación even though you knew you would be attacked by those who have never attended your area. Nobody has ever made my family grow mota, amapola, or anything we do not wish to do in our cordillera even when contraband is much more profitable. So 7:03 and 7:07 "CDS does not fuck with" any of the people I know in la sierra and when there is violence in our remote area it is private people business settling their accounts and differences.

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    6. @3:21 I, live Juarez and know people from Ahumada Chihuahua and people that frequent Madera. Never have I, heard them complain about CDJ forcing them to do anything and since the last few years since the Federales left the city even in Juarez CDJ has not been heard to cause too much shit if any other than with people involved in drugs. 2:48 having family in CDS obviously is biased toward them. I, don't have family involved nor am I involved in anything. CDS does fuck with people when in the Sierra like in the valley of Juarez you have to ask them permition to travel through certwin areas and even to let them know when you can have a party in most towns and shit like that. Great parts of the towns in la Sierra are becoming ghost towns because of shit like that and the violence.

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    7. What about the young girls people from Sinaloa basically kidnap or take at gunpoint from ranchers if they find them attractive? A friend of mine was killed by a CDzs member because he had a girfriend the narco wanted and couldn't have so he killed him.

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    8. 6:28; those people you describe are called criminals, or in US they're called kidnappers or rapists. A world wide cartel is a very organized organization with rules, acceptable behavior, and an organization that acts with more business acumen than most legal businesses do. Why do you think Alfredo was given up....because Chapo thought he was giving up his stupid coke head brother Arturo who behaved almost as bad as what you describe.
      AFO didn't even let their men behave that way (except of course their own brother Francisco) but even he was persona non grata in Mazatlan after kidnapping his nonvoluntary bride to be.

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    9. Beltrans were some real animals they took down a plane with mexican officials in it, no wonder the basterds got taken out they wanted to reign over mx by any means necessary.

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  4. In Mexico is seems anyone can get away with murder easily.

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    1. Unfortunately, third world countries as such money and lack of prosecution often result in such. However, I have to correct this conception of Mexico as a third world country.
      Mexico is far from being that. With resources and a business infrastructure and social structure implemented. Mexico only lacks the enforcement of law where such is required.

      E42

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    2. "Mexico only lacks the enforcement of law where such is required." The enforcement of law is the base for everything other. Having water and electricity in cities and resorts doesnt full qulifiy for not beeing 3rd world Country.

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    3. You are correct @9:30

      E42

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  5. Interesting info.I like stats and numbers.It does tell a story and show trends.

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  6. Excellent and insightful article.

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  7. Sinaloa has control of Chihuahua, crazy. Even Juarez cartel is sinaloa, Chihuahuas have no nuts

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    1. Yet they are proud of cartel de Juarez and sinalia cartel smh

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  8. Very intresting,u guys should kick Chivis out and put me on,i can get shit she cant! Hahahahahahha!!!!

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    1. Go away idiot.
      I can tell you are the height of articulation.
      Chivis posted and translated the article.

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    2. Como pedir dinero? Cuanto pedias ? Viera ido al el gordo y la flaca wey o la cristina salaregui. 😂😂😂😂😂😂

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    3. Chema, dont go away mad, just go away.

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    4. Ditto on Otis ''''''''''''''''''''B's comments!!

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    5. Well put Otis!
      You think individuals would rather post something constructive than silliness.

      Delete
    6. No mames José María. Deja la Chivis en paz. Ella es una mujer mayor. No tienes porque andar molestando la. Ya deja te de mamadas. - Sol Prendido

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  9. No pos wow dice el huevitos..

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  10. Chapo got another lawyer, he is complaining they don't let him sleep. What de cry baby, he thinks he's in a hotel.

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  11. I know some people from Juarez that went to Madera 2 weeks ago. They were detained and questioned by the ppl from la linia in a fake reten. They said that they would innocent ppl and even they didn't like them. They were brutal and vicious and kill for no reason. They also encountered a fake reten from CDS and they were much more tolerant. Even they prefer CDS > CDJ/La Linia. I know most ppl won't believe this but I was even shocked. That's how bad it has gotten.

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    1. And those same people that got killed came back and told you that they got killed? Then they saw the CDS checkpoint?
      Hearsay is what I, always hear from CDS supporters yet CDS controlled areas have a higher murder rate!

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    2. A co worker of mine and hia family travel to Madera twice pr three times a year and have been stopped by CDJ checkpoints and never have they complained they were treated badly by them much less been hurt. They have yet to encounter a CDS checkpoint.

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    3. If that it's really the case then those mfrs from la linea are either real dumb, bad or both, you sure you aren't just another hairy cheerleader?

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  12. Chivis you should post on the gun fights that have been ocurring in Reynosa Tamaulipas and Jimenez Chihuahua

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  13. Los chapos gn también matan inocentes yo conocí varios y eran unas mierdas robaban a los rancheros.

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  14. I live in Obregon Sonora and while it is still safer the most parts of Mexico it is really picked up in violence. Unlike other parts of Mexico where there are bodies left on the road or in a car, here they just disappear. I have heard rumors that the Salazars and possibly other cartels (but mostly we just here of the Salazars and Trini here before Trini got killed) feed people to the lions to make them disappear but I have no way to confirm, however it is something that everyone in Obregon has heard time and again. Leave Obregon alone Narcos. Don't mess up a good city with good Colleges and hot babes 😊

    My Friend told me that Chapo Trini had a son that lived in Guadalajara and was attending college there. Does anyone know if that is true? If so it could be the reason why he was in Guadalajara when he got killed

    Keep up the great reporting BB

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  15. That Per capita is about Vietnam numbers in late 60's.

    ReplyDelete

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