The Narco State is one of the most recent meanings to define the structure where organized crime has become the government and the politicians, governors, and drug traffickers are all the same. It isn’t about the infiltration or the corruption, but of the symbiosis of these last two figures in which all of the power is concentrated and they function to control a territory with the laws of violence and terror.
This is what has happened more clearly in Michoacán and Guerrero than in other states in the last decade, under the apathy of governors and political parties who don’t care about the conditions of violence and the safety of the population that suffers havoc caused by an unconventional war, but only care about staying in power at all costs.
For decades, we have witnessed the merger or symbiosis between politicians and drug traffickers with the cases of former governors of Quintana Roo, Mario Villanueva Madrid; Tamaulipas, Tomás Yarrington; Morelos, Sergio Estrada Cajigal, and long before with Enrique Álvarez del Castillo in Jalisco or Víctor Manuel Tinoco in Michoacán.
Also with generals Jesús Gutiérrez Rebollo, Ricardo Escorcia, Cuauhtémoc Antúnez Pérez, head of the 7th Military Region in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas; Juan Manuel Rico Gámez, Commander of the 35th Military Zone based in Chilpancingo, Guerrero; Roberto Aguilera, retired Major General and head of the Narcotics Intelligence Center (CIAN) during the administration of Vicente Fox; Luis Rodríguez Bucio, head of CIAN during the early presidency of Felipe Calderón and former commander of the 64th Military Garrison in Cancún, Quintana Roo, and Brigadier General Moisés García Ochoa, former director of the Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA).
No legislators and mayors escape such as the PRD representative Julio César Godoy Toscano, who is currently a fugitive; the mayor of Ixtapan de la Sal, Ignacio Ávila Navarrete; the PRI mayor of Apatzingán Uriel Chávez Mendoza; Aldo Macías Alejandres (PRI-PVEM), the Major of Uruapan;
Gildardo Barrera (PRI), the major of Churumuco; Arquímides Oseguera (PRD), of Lázaro Cárdenas; Martín Arredondo (PAN), of Jacona; Jesús Infante (PAN), of Ecuandureo; Juan Hernández (PRI), of Aquila; Jesús Rivera (PRI), of Tumbiscatío; Rosa Hilda Abascal (PAN), of Zamora, and Elías Álvarez Hernández, former Secretary of Public Security of the state of Michoacán.
The list goes on, and it’s long. The Narco State was forming for years in an environment of corruption, impunity and injustice; cultivated by governors of all parties to the levels we have today with its terrible consequences such as the 2010 San Fernando Massacre; the executions in Tlatlaya; or the recent disappearances of the normalistas of Ayotzinapa.
In the Narco State, the new group in power, the narco-politicians, control territory to establish their own empire of taxation, extortions, and kidnappings; its own economy with laws of the global market, with partners from other groups in other countries who not only sell drugs, but other agricultural products such as precious metals, minerals, and hydrocarbons. Its own law.
That’s what we clearly see in Michoacán and Guerrero, the formation of the Narco State, where the two governors, Ángel Aguirre Rivero and Fausto Vallejo (former governor), have been accused of receiving money for their campaigns by organized crime and then allowing criminal gangs to rule and control the territory above everyone, and with the collusion of all other authorities.